Prof. Orly Goldwasser
Leader and PI 
Full professor, Institute of Archaeology and The Ancient Near East, 
Mount Scopus Campus, room 7715, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.



Haleli Harel
Lab Manager and Scientific Coordinator
PhD Candidate, Institute of Archaeology and The Ancient Near East
Doctoral Fellow, Mandel School for Advanced Studies at the Humanities 

Haleli is the scientific coordinator of iClassifier. She is currently writing a dissertation
on the classification of lexical borrowings in New Kingdom texts.

Dr. Dmitry Nikolaev
Database and User Interface Developer
Post-doctoral fellow, Department of Linguistics

Dmitry is creating the database and the user interface for the project.


iClassifier ongoing research 

Contact us to join and conduct your research using the iClassifier web app!

Ancient Egyptian


For Ancient Egyptian, our data model is compatible with the Thot Data Model (TDM, cf. Polis & Razanajao 2016).
Our metadata annotations are based on the ‘Thesauri and ontology for documenting Ancient Egyptian Resources

Egyptian lemmata are courtesy of the "Strukturen und Transformationen des Wortschatzes der ägyptischen Sprache" project, 

Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.  
The data release currently in use is accesible at:

Our data is shared under Creative Commons. CC BY-SA - 4.0 International license License Logo


classifier map semitic loanwords

A classifier map of Semitic loanwords in New Kingdom texts, created by Halely Harel. 

A satellite classifier analysis of the Ramses Project data. 

The hieroglyphic spellings are imported from Ramses Online 
( and enriched with classifier analysis.

ramsesRamses project 

Université de Liège

Classifying the other
"Classifying the Other: The classification of Semitic loanwords
in the Egyptian script during New Kingdom Egypt." Funded by the ISF grant 735/17.

Haleli Harel 

Orly Goldwasser

Hebrew University of Jerusalem  

A text study of the classifiers of pEbers.

Based on data digitized and kindly provided for analysis by the "Strukturen und Transformationen des Wortschatzes der ägyptischen Sprache" project, Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig.

Tanja Pommerening


Lutz Popko 


Svenja Stern 

Universität Marburg

Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz

An iClassifier of the 'Persons and Names of the Middle Kingdom' database. Alexander Ilin-Tomich  Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz
Digitizing the doctoral dissertation “Dissimilation graphique.”
Studying the classification of mass and group nouns in Old Kingdom Egypt.
Simon Thuault Humboldt University, Berlin

Classifiers in literary texts of the Middle Kingdom.

Susana Soler

University of Barcelona and The Hebrew University

Writing on women and womanhood/femininities in Ancient Egypt:
A cognitive linguistic study in Egyptian literature

Arthur Lesage Sorbonne Université

I propose to study how classifiers can be useful in targeting metaphors in a large corpus (in combination with other criteria) and what they can tell about colexification phenomena between [cognition] as target domain and various source domains (e.g. [motion], [action], [sensory perception], etc.).

This study will be an important part of a bigger project about cognition and cognition related verbs in Late Egyptian (Uliege - FNRS).



Université de Liège, FNRS

Study of classifier variation in the Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts

Jorke Grotenhuis Université de Liège
Egyptian percipations. Fernando Gael Papola École Pratique des Hautes Études - PSL, Paris

Teaching a pilot course where students are instructed to use iClassifier, as part of a practical class instructing digital tools in Egyptology at Humboldt University.  Eliese-Sophia Lincke Humboldt University, Berlin
Advising the annotation of compounds using iClassifier Roman Gundacker Austrian Academy, Vienna
Digitizing classifiers in Demotic.  Christian Casey 

Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York

A classifier map of Sumerian, created by Bo Zhang. 
Sumerian and Cuneiform

Supervising the creation of the Sumerian iClassifier platform.

In the first step, the project is exclusively built on information contained in the ePSD2 database. After entering the normalized lemma according to the reconstructed form as found in ePSD2. 

For each lemma, we enter all script forms with classifiers (including phonetic indicators). We then comment on the analysis of each script form. 

The current inventory of the project are:

Number of tokens: 5673
Number of lemmas: 1667
Number of tokens by classifier count:

  • 1: 2832
  • 2: 265
  • 3: 4

Gebhard Selz 

Universität Wien

Creating a sample classifier list for Sumerian, based on the ePSD2 data, under the supervision of Prof. Gebhard Selz. 

Bo Zhang Hebrew University of Jerusalem

The category 示/礻 by iClassifier, created by Yanru Xu

"Ancient China and Ancient Egypt are two great civilizations of the past, far removed from one another both geographically and culturally.
Nevertheless, the scripts they used are remarkably similar in some key respects, despite their (apparently) independent origins and differences
in form. They use complex writing systems that share common semiotic qualities. The signs of the scripts are used in different functions:
as logograms [sound+meaning] for words, phonograms [sound only], phonetic classifiers [no additional sound (reiteration of sound),
no additional meaning], and semantic classifiers [additional meaning, but no sound].

Although ancient Chinese and ancient Egyptian are complex script systems that use their signs in three main functions
logogram, phonogram and classifier – the way the sign-functions are activated in the two scripts is not always identical." 

(Goldwasser and Handel, forthcoming)

Old Chinese scripts

Advising the creation of an iClassifier platform for old Chinese scripts. Phd supervisor, Yanru Xu, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.  Zev Handel  University of Washington

Advising the creation of an iClassifier platform for old Chinese scripts. Phd supervisor, Yanru Xu, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 

Yongsheng Chen

Ocean University of China, Qingdao

The Study of Classifiers in Ancient Chinese Scripts in Comparison with Egyptian Hieroglyphs Yanru Xu  Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Anatolian hieroglyphs

Advising the creation of an iClassifier platform for Anatolian hieroglyphs. 

Annick Payne

University of Bern


Classifier languages

Advisor of the iClassifier platform for classifier languages. Colette Grinevald Université Lyon
Creating a corpus-based classifier list for Korean. Ella Avinor  Hebrew University of Jerusalem   
An iClassifier platform for Kilivila.
Based on materials collected by prof. Gunter Senft. 
Gunter Senft Max PIanck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen  
Advising iClassifier for the creation of a classifier languages platform. Studying classifier use in Nepali and Burmese.  Dörte Borchers Karl-Franzens-University of Graz
A text study in Japanese - Digitizing the classifiers in Rashomon. So Miyagawa Georg-August-Universität Göttingen & Kyoto University

Developing an annotation tool for Amazonian classifier and categorization systems. 

Thiago Chacon

Universidade de Brasília

Advising the creation of iClassifier platform for modern Chinese.
Studying classifiers in versions of the “Pear story” in Chinese. 

Dan Ke

Universität Leipzig


Contact us to join and conduct your research using the iClassifier web app!